Dentistry is a usually how to medically take care of teeth. It is the centre of the study, diagnosing preventive measures and treating of many types of body parts including the teeth. Mouth is referred to as oral cavity in medical field.
Individuals who practice general dentistry are called dentists. Dentists can go on to specialize in a variety of areas. Team work is usually the order in the general dentistry and the involve the dental hygienists, experts, psychotherapists, and dental assistants. In the society some people downplay the the need of dentistry. In the actual fact, this type of medical treatment is very important. Mouth ailments are so predominant worldwide and it has been termed as a threat in community as medical complications. Teeth problems are common to middle class persons but it also affect all social class persons in the world.
Dentistry concentrates mostly on preventive and healing treatment. Preventing in dentistry especially tooth decay and periodontal illness is important. Dental caries or tooth decay, is caused by bacteria by destroying the surface of the tooth by producing acid after the food deposit on top of the tooth. Periodontal disease is a disease that affects one or more of the periodontal tissues. The most commonly seen periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Issues like filling of a tooth or trying to restore it back, removing or extracting the permanently spoilt tooth, and scaling of teeth to treat periodontal complications and root canaling are some of other treatment that are offered in dentistry.
Every country has specific regulations required of those who wish to pursue dentistry as a career. Some countries they must take at least two year of undergraduate course. Before taking dentistry as a full course they undergo full BA degree. A person who intends to be a dentist takes four years in the dental school, after going through the undergraduate course. Once done with studies one can work as doctor of dental medicine, doctor of dental surgery.
The training gives way to the doctors to treat teeth. The most common ones like fillings, crowns, bridges, root canals, teeth extraction and periodontal therapy can be completed by an individual who has completed all the training for general dentistry. They have been taught how to prescribe sedatives, painkillers and antibiotics after finishing the full course. Qualified dentist deal with performing examinations, diagnoses and full x-rays.
One of the main tasks of general dentistry is to encourage the prevention of oral diseases. Education is crucial and includes teaching patients about proper hygiene and regular check-ups. Sugary food are not good for teeth.